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Coon Hunting in Rhode Island
This article contains my notes for use by Gavin and Andrew and any interested party. My former wife Elizabeth Susan Smith Clark was the daughter of Robert Lincoln Smith, b. approx 1910 in Blackstone, VA, and Janet Elvira Coon, b. approx 1908 in Estherville, IA. The Coon/Maccoon(e) connection goes back at least to the 1600s, with one maternal line traceable to about 1580, with some interesting side trips.

Coon/Maccoon(e) Origins

John Maccoone is generally presented as the founder of the American Coons/Maccoones, etc. Of course there are several related names and similar spellings of other names in Scotland, and perfect knowledge is impossible. Here are some historical links about the English Civil War and the transport of prisoners.

Fun with Oliver Cromwell and His Friends

British Civil War History
Marshall , Battle of Dunbar
Bell, Battle of Dunbar

The English Civil War was a good time to be elsewhere. At one point an army of Scots joined the Royalist forces against Cromwell and the Parliamentarians. To be succinct, they lost. As reported on several sites that have borrowed liberally from one another...

As a result of the destruction of the Scottish army, Cromwell was able to march unopposed to Edinburgh. He quickly captured the Scottish capital, although Edinburgh Castle held out until the end of December. Of the 10,000 Scottish prisoners, Cromwell ordered about half to be released because they were unable to fight owing to their wounds. The remainder were then force-marched south towards England in order to prevent any attempt to rescue them. The conditions on the march were so appalling and many of the prisoners died of starvation, illness or exhaustion. By 11 September, when the remnants arrived at Durham Cathedral where they were to be imprisoned, only 3,000 Scottish soldiers were still alive.

Although Durham Cathedral offered a degree of shelter, the English failed to provide their prisoners with adequate food or fuel. For a time, the prisoners kept warm by burning all of the woodwork in the Cathedral with the notable exception of Prior Castell's Clock in the South Transept. It is thought that they left the clock alone because it carries a thistle, the emblem of Scotland, on it. The prisoners did take the opportunity to revenge themselves on the tombs of the Neville family, however. Lord Ralph Neville had commanded part of the English army which had defeated the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross in 1346 on the outskirts of Durham City.

By the end of October, cold, malnutrition and disease had resulted in the deaths of another 1,600 of the Scots soldiers. The bodies of many of those who had died were simply thrown into a mass grave in the form of a trench running northwards from the Cathedral. The location of their remains was then forgotten for almost three centuries until rediscovered by workmen in 1946.

Of the estimated 5,000 Scottish soldiers that began the march southwards from Dunbar, over 3,500 died either on the march or during imprisonment in Durham Cathedral - more than the total number killed on the battlefield. Of the 1,400 survivors, the majority were eventually transported to English colonies in the New World and the Caribbean.

Which brings us to the estimable (and fecund) John Maccoone of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

RC Compilation


The name Coon was shortened from Maccoon in the 1700s. Here is a line from "Grandma Janet" back to the first known American generation.

Elizabeth Susan Smith Clark

Susan's Father Robert Lincoln Smith b. 1911
Susan's Mother Janet Elvira Coon 4 Apr 1909 - August 1985
(died of injuries sustained in a hit-and-run in Los Angeles)

Janet's Mother Mary Elizabeth Lesher (limited knowledge)
Janet's Father Byron MacPherson Coon

Byron's father Byron Curtis Coon whose brother Datus Ensign Coon was a Civil War general and later consul to Cuba at Baracoa. They were born in Deruyter NY, near Hamilton, where we coincidentally lived while Rees was a professor at Colgate Univ., 1975-80. It's politically incorrect now, but after the death of his wife and one daughter in Cuba of (yellow fever?) he became an official in charge of enforcing the Chinese Exclusion Law until his death ("by an accidental pistol discharge") in 1893. Nobody's perfect.

Byron C and Datus' father was Luke Coon Jr, born in (DeRuyter) in 1804.

Luke's father was Luke Coon Sr. born in Westerly, R.I. about 1774.

Luke Sr.'s father was Jonathan Coon b. 1739 in Westerly, son of Daniel MacCoon, b. Feb 18, 1695/6.

Daniel's father was John Maccoon, b. 1666 in Cambridge, MA. Daniel's mother was named Anne. Some sources do not connect Daniel 1696 to John 1666.

According to some researchers the Cambridge John Maccoone was the son of John Maccoone/Maccoon/Mackone/MackHolme..., who was (an officer?) in the English Civil War, on the losing Royalist/Scottish side against Oliver Cromwell. If that is the case, then he might have been involved in the series of campaigns from Dunbar to Worcester (1651) that ended with the Cromwellian victory at Worcester with 3,000 Scottish royalist deaths and 10,000 captives. If so, and if he was an officer he was possibly transported as punishment and may have arrived as an indentured servant. Lesser ranks in the rebellion were virtually enslaved in drainage projects in eastern England. (Sources: (URL continues) 1651-worcester.htm et al.) It gets rather murky at this point. This section needs some real work with rigorous timelines.

Daniel 1696 Maccoon's wife Elizabeth HALL was born on Aug 23, 1699 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. Parents: James HALL and Sarah BABCOCK.

James HALL was born in 1670 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. He died in 1745 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island. He was Seventh-day Baptist. [John Decendants.ged]. His wife, Sarah BABCOCK36,51 was born in 1669 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She died on Mar 23, 1716/17 in Exeter, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She was Seventh-day Baptist. [John Decendants.ged] Parents: James Babcock JR. and Jane BROWN.

Sarah's mother, Jane BROWN36,47,51 was born about 1650 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 She died in 1718 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 She was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: Nicholas BROWN and Elizabeth UNKNOWN.

Jane Brown's father, Nicholas BROWN51 was born in 1600 in Inkburrow Parish, Worcestershire, England.51 He died on Nov 16, 1694 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 [2812225.ged]

(back to Sarah Babcock Hall)

Sarah's father, James Babcock JR.36,51 was born in 1641 in Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island.51 He died in 1698 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 He was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: James Babcock SR. and Sarah BROWN (end of line).

James Babcock Jr.'s father was (surprise) James Babcock SR.36,51 born on Jun 12, 1612 in Wivenhoe, Essex, England.51 His residence was Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island in 1662.51 He died on Jun 12, 1679 in Westerly, Kings Co., Rhode Island.51 He was a BLACKSMITH.51 He was Seventh-day Baptist.51 [2812225.ged] Parents: James BABCOCK and Mary UNKNOWN. This James was an important public official; surveyor, Indian negotiator, more... Ask Gavin.

(This 7th Day Baptist line continues to the Midwest and on to Wisconsin and Iowa, where that sect founded settlements. Gavin and Andrew's great-grandparents Mary and Byron Coon may have met through this connection; he from Washington DC with 7thDB parents from Deruyter and she from a 7DB village in Wisconsin.)

That second (earlier) Jas. Babcock Sr's father (also) James BABCOCK(51) was born in 1584 in Wivenhoe, Essex, England.51 He died on Jun 12, 1679 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. (MUST BE WRONG! SAME DATE AS SON.) Migration to US before 1641. He and son James Sr (go figure) may have come on a ship named "Anne" but this is disputed.


David Johnson
Troy, NY

John Maccoone

John MACCOONE of Scotland and Cambridge, Massachusetts
BIRTH: ABT 1630, Aderdenshire, , Scotland
DEATH: 8 Oct 1705, East Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass

Family 1 : Deborah BUSH
MARRIAGE: 8 Nov 1656, Cambridge, , Mass.
- Deborah MACCOONE
- Elizabeth MACCOONE

Family 2 : Sarah WOOD
MARRIAGE: 14 Jun 1665, Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass
-- John Maccoone 2 1666
-- Daniel MACCOONE b. 1696 supposedly the head of the line leading to my sons as follows
--- Jonathan Coon 1739
---- Luke Coon 1774
----- Luke Coon 1804
------ Byron C. Coon 1848
------- Byron M. Coon 1880
-------- Janet Coon 1906 + Robt L. Smith 1910
--------- Elizabeth Susan Smith

Family 3 : Mary MACCOONE
MARRIAGE: ABT 1668, Cambridge, , Mass
- Elizabeth MACCOONE
- Margaret MACCOONE
- William MACCOONE
- Mercy\Mary MACCOONE

Source 1

From THE BATES CENTENNIAL FARM OF ROCKTON, ILL.1857-1990 Probably born in Aberdeen, Scotland area about 1625. He was a soldier in the ill-fated Scottish army under aspiring King Charles 2 nd that was soundly defeated by Oliver Cromwell and his round heads in 1651 at the battle of Worchester.Two days after the battle the Council of War at London ordered that all officers and every 10 th private captured be put on trial for rebellion, an act typically resulting in being hung or worse. Ths still left thousands of soldiers to be disposed of but sending them back to Scottland to fight again was definitely out of the question. Colonists in America wanted cheap labor in the quarries, mines and sawmills so they wanted indentured young men. History showed that these men were treated well and allowed to work on the side to pay their owners what was owed and thereby bought their freedom. Three hundred of these prisoners, including John Mackholme, were marched to London and placed on the ship John and Sarah which sailed on or about 8 December, 1651.Under the command of lumber dealer John Green the ship arrived in Boston before Febuary 24, 1652. Even with the usual loss of 10 percent from scurvy, 272 Scots arrived. The authorities changed a lot of their names and Mackhole became MacCoone. He did not stay in servitude long because long because he married Deborah and had four daughters between 2659-1663. His second wife Sarah bore him two sons, John Jr. and Daniel. She probably died of childbirth when Daniel was born 18 Feb.1668. He soon remarried at about fifty years of age and had 8 children from 1671-1682 my Mary. From the very first John did not like the strict Puritan life and so Became interested in R.I. His name was among the 76 men of R.I.who bought land from Sosoa, the Indian chief, at Westerly. Most of the buyers never saw the land but bought as a speculation. Westerly was incorperated in 1669 and John MacCoone was listed as a free inhabitant of this new township. He did not actually make his home in Westerly Town till about 1669. He did not stay in Westerly all the time because he continued to have children in Cambridge till 1675. Part of this was caused by the King Philip War against the Colonies in 1675-1678. The war was so bad that even Boston started a wall around the town. It was the bloodies war in the 17 th centurn in America and it is stated that one tenth of white males in New England were killed or wounded. Women and children on both sides were killed and Indian prisoners were sold as slaves to local planters and to buyers in the West Indies. By 1690, he was worn out by hard work and returned to Cambridge to live out his life with his daughters until dying in 1705. Meanwhile sons John Jr, and Daniel MacCoone married Westerly girls and drastically expanded his Fathers R.I. farming during the 18 th century.

Source 2

Most of the information below from THE DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MACCOONE OF CAMBRIDGE MASS. AND WESTERLY R.I. compiled BY Maxine Phelps Lines of Mesa, Az LDS Film 1, 597, 907 pg 262 Picture of Thankful

Coon Research Files of Edwin Witter Coon/ MacCoone, A Scottish Prisoner and his Descendants. Our Scottish ancestor, John MacCoone, didn't have in mind coming to America at all. Along with most Scots, he chose to back King Charles in the English Civil War, opposing Oliver Cromwell and the Parlamentary Puritans. On Sept. 3, 1651, Cromwell defeated the Royalists at Worchester, England, capturing several thousand Scots. Apperently our John MacCoone was among them, although some say that he was captured at the battle of Dunbar the year before. Many of the prisoners were banished to the colonies, there to be sold into servitude for six to eight years to pay for their passage and other expenses. The English considered this to be a humane and generous treatment for the unfortunate Scots, but it was still a sentence to slavery for several years. Few of them ever saw their families again Two weeks after the battle of Winchester 272 prisoners were consigned to the master of the ship JOHN AND SARAH probably arriving in Boston in May of 1652 where the men were disposed of by agent Thomas Kemble of Charlestown. Many of the Scottish prisoners went to the Saugus Iron Works at Lynn Mass. but we do not know if John MacCoone was among them. His presence is seen early on in the Cambridge records and there he stayed except for some trips to R.I. where he bought land later occupied by his sons. John must have done well for he was able to purchase land in Cambridge as early as 1665. The name MacCoone , which his descendants untimately changed to Coon, appears to derive from the Gaelic MacEoghain, " son of Ewen " Dr. Maynard H. Mires, who researched the Scottish origins, believes that John was born in Aberdenshire. The name has many variations. Dr. Mires describes the events surrounding the battle as follows. Young Prince Charles came from France to claim his inheritance as rightful monarch, " Bonnoe Prince Charles ."But he found himself in an odd situation. While acknowledged as king by the Scots, he was allowed no authority in affairs. His greatest obsticle was his religion, for the covenanters and the clergy were fanatic about subordination of the throne to their religious beliefs. David Leslie, an experienced officer, was given command of the army, and formed a proper defence against Cromwell, entrenching between Edinburgh and Leith, and took care to remove from the country around anything that would be a subsistence of the English army. However, Leslie was under the constance surveliance of the clergy, the army was purged of all who were not Presbyterians, thus eliminating many of the experienced soldiers who had come to support their king. Cromwell advanced upon the Scot's camp, and did his best to bring Lesie out to battle. The prudent Scot, however, knew that he was outnumbered and that his army was less disciplined than the English, so he kept within his fortifications. The Scots were in high morale. Prince Charles visited camp. and after participation in some skirmishes, became a great favorite. Army, now rid off all '[ NON-BELIEVERS )", it must be composed entirely of saints and could not be beaten. Cromwell had outrun his supply line, not expecting a long campaign. He withdrew to Dunbar and Leslie followed him. Cromwell was reduced to extremeties. He was considering withdrawing and breaking through with his cavalry to the sea. But the madnesss of the Scottish clergy saved him. They believed that Cromwell would be delivered into their hands. Against Leslie's judgement they forced an attack. Cromwell, through his spy-glass, saw them coming, and said " without the help of revelations, the lord has delivered them into my hands " He immediately attacked. The Scotts, while excellant individual fighters, knew nothing of mass discipline, and though they twice outnumbered the English, were soon put to flight and persued with great slaughter. The only serious resistance came from one regiment of Highlanders. About 3, 000 Scots were slain and 9, 000 were taken prisoner. Cromwell pressed on and took Edinburgh and Leith. The reminant of the Scottish army fled to Stirling. With winter coming and Cromwell's illness all military actiivities ended for the year. John MacCoone married first in Novemver 1656 to Deborah Bush who died in Cambridge in 1664/5. He married again shortly thereafter to Sarah Wood. Deborah Bush might have been the daughter of Randall Bush who came to Cambridge in 1641. Sarah Wood may have been the sister of Richard Wood of Cambridge, definetely not his daughter, By Deborah Bush, John had four children and by Sarah Wood two., among them John Jr. was our ancestor. Sarah died, possibly of childbirth, which was common and John married a third wife, Mary, and had a child by her in January 1669, possibly as many as eight children altogether so he must have 14 children altogether. One of the most interesting things about John MacCoone is his apparent simultaneous appearance in Cambridge Mass, and Rhode Island. One might conclude that there were two John MacCoones. However I carefully tracked the events in which John had to be in Cambridge, for example the conception of his children and his known presence in R.I. or at Oyster Bay, Long Island, and there are no conflicts. One can imagine John;s interest in establishing his family in Rhode Island. He certainly did not feel at home in the Puritan theology of Masssachuetts, while Rhode Island was the permissive colony. So we find him taking the oath in Westerly on 16 March 1661 and amonth those agreeing to buy land in Westerly, founding it on 22 March 1661. In 1669 he was called an " inhabitant of Westerly"{ but I do not believe that he lived there. He took th oath again in Rhode Island in 1671 and appears to be at Oyster Bay, L.I. in 1671. Still he was seen living in Cambride or East Cambridge as seen in the records in 1673, 1676, 1678, and in 1683 was given 6 more acres of land in a dividion of land, implying that he was an establishd resident of th Cambridge area., In 1688 he appears on the tax roles of Cambridge, and the census along with his son, John Jr. About this time John Jr. became a resident of Westerly, R.I. appearing there in 1692, which was his home thereafter, John Sr, died in1705 in East Cambridge

Source 3

Records from Church of Christ Cambridge Mass Will was written in1697 filed 4 May 1705 Regestered 1705 East Cambridge Middlesex Mass

The compiler says that the name of this line was spelled in many different ways, Maccoone, Macoon, Coon, McCoon ect. The records are as good as the compiler could make out. Others have reached other conclusions. The dates are in question and even there is a question if he had two or three wives.

He served in the Scottish army under David Leslie and was defeated by Cromwell 1n 1650. As a prisoner he was sent to the colonies arriving in Cambridge Mass. on the ship, John and Sarah, 11 Nov. 1651. He took the Oath of Allegiance 18 May, 1669.

At the present time Laurance McCoon, who has made an intensive compilation of the McCoon family and living in Scotland ( 1966 - 1969 ) searching for the parontage of John Maccoone of Cambridge, Mass. and Westerly, R.I.

Source 4

FROM REPRESENTATIVE MEN AND OLD FAMILIES OF RHODE ISLAND- VOLUME 1 JOHN Maccoone was listed as an inhabinant of Westerly. R.I. in1669

References Cambridge, Mass. Vital records History of Cambridge, Mass. I.R. P.701 N.E.G.R. Vol. 14, P. 168 Hartford Times 19 Oct. 1941 N.Y. G.S pg 19-23. Vol.5 Powers - Bank Ancestry Pg. 129 Oyster Bay Town Records vol. 5 Pg 133 and 177 Westerly R.I. Births and Marriages by Besman RESEARCH OF HENRY B. HUFF from the NYG8 records Vol.105 Research of Vera Robinson Beasman, R.I. Register Vol 6 No 4 p 239 Research of Edwin Witter Letter from Rosemary Canfield The Augastin ( 1974 ) Maynard M. Myres P 825-828 Mass. Marriages before 1800 Wright Family of Oyster Bay- H.D. Perrins P. 140 Scottish Prisoners deported to N.E. by Cromwell by E.E. Banks Probable Origin of the Maccoone familys-Rosemary Canfield Washington County births from probate records by Besman vol.4.92 Vital records of R.I. by Austin Westerly and Hopkinton R.I. vital records Genealogy Dictionary by Savage General guide to early American settlers ny Whittmore Wills registered in East Cambridge-Codicil added in 1705 from a letter written by Warren Patten Coon to his Aunt Mary. John Maccoone did not come to America by his own wishes. In the Battle of the Raoe ( sp ) of Dunbar in Sept 1650 the Scottish Army was defeated by the English under Cromwell. About 4000 were killed and about 10, 000 were captured. Many of the captured because of the rebellion were sent to America. Among those who came to Mass. was John Maccoone who settled at Cambridge in1651

Source 6

His will was written 8 Oct. 1705 Codicil 4 May 1705, registered CAMBRIDGE, Middlesex, Mass

Source 6

In the Scottish Genealogical Helper by Maynard H Mires regarding the Scottich Civil War, - There is a book called THE DICTIONARY OF SCOTTISH IMEGRANTS TO THE U.S.A. BY THE MAGMA CARTE BOOK CO. It relates that after Cromwell captured the 9, 000 Scots, he did not know what to do with them as they would be a bigger problem so he shipped a number to America. Among them was aecomb, Combs.Ecooin, Meeckome, John Mackholme, Bridish prisoner, Transported to Massachussetts November 1651 on board the John and Sara. This reference went on to say that he married Deborah Bush 8 Nov 1656 and Sarah Woods 14 June 1665 and listed names and dates for 14 children as the MacCoone records show.

Source 7

Notes made by Edwin D. Witter- The name Coon has various spelling which as made research hard. Spellings as MacCoone, MacCune, MacCunn, Mackewne, M'Koon, MacEwan, Meckone, Mackeon, MacKewn, MacKeowan, MacKoun, Maccune, Magoun, MaCooin. Meeckome. Meecomb, Combs

The male line at a Westerly-Stonington left the area shortly after the Revolutionary War and moved to New York State. The Coons and many of the intermarried families were Seventh Day Baptists. both in Rhode Island and New York

Source 8

RECORD OF EVENTS CONCERNING JOHN MACCOONE.=Cambridge, Mass. 1658 c, 31 Nov, Hannah conceived 1660 c. Jan. Deborah conceived. 1661 16 March took oath at Westerly. 1661 22 March agreed to buy Westerly 1662 11 September bought 25 acres .1663 c. 15 March Sarah conveived. 1663 July 19 wife Deborah admitted to church 1665 20 Feb. in land registery 1666 11 April received land 1666 1 April sold 15 acres 1666/7 28 Feb. bought 6 acres 1667 c 18 May Daniel conceived 1667/8 14 March bought 6 acres 1668 c 17 April Elizabeth conceived 1669 18 May was inhabitant of Westerly 1669 10 Sept. sold 2 acres 1670 8 dec. received land. 1671 c 20 March Margaret conceived 1673 21 March Peter conceived 1673 26 Nov 2 acres sold 1674/5 conceived Samuel conceived 1676/7 William conceived 1676 10 April 2 acres sold 1676 13 April 34 acres bought 178/9 Isabel conceived 1680 26 June ordered to fix fence 1680/1 Mercy conceived 1683 Given 6 acres in division 1787 Oyster Bay John Sr. Bay witness 1688 August poll tax on estete 1688 John Jr. in census 1688 " personal and Estate " list with son John, no real estate John Sr 1692 John Jr. in R.I. 1697 John Jr. juryman 1701 John Jr. Fence Viewer 1705 9 Oct died in Cambridge

1697 11 Dec wrote will.

Source 9

From The Compendium of American Genealogy - Vol V1 by Fred Virkus John ( Maccoone ) Coon from Scotland. A founder of Cambridge Mass. abt 1651; at Westerly, R.I. 1669: Took oath of allegiance, 1669: Juryman , 1681, 1709: m 2 nd. 1665, Sarah Wood.

Source 10

From the Records of the Colony of Rhode Island In 1671 he signed a legal document saying that he was loyal to his Magesties and this Colony.

Source 11

From The Macoone and Coon Families of Westerly and Hopkinton by Chas. W. Farnham. As above he repeated most of the important things about John MacCoone but there is some new materials.

Source 12

From detailed family history John McCoun owned 5 acres of land in Cambridge in 1665 -From the Register Record of the Town of Cambridge and in 1683 he owned 6 acres there. He left a will in Cambridge dated 11 December 1697. He signed legal documents with a mark.

Source 13

From loose papers in Hopkinton Library in Hopkinton, R.I. 11 Dec 1697 John MacCoun, dwelling in Cambridge, wrote his will, leaving his whole estate both real and personal in the hands of his wife Mary for three years after his deathfor the bring up of his two youngest children. The distribution after three years was specified for wife, Mary, All my children both by my first and second wife, my daughter Deborah, my eldest son John. Either of my sons that are grown up and live in New England should have first right to buy his land. on 4 May 1705 he added to his will encreasing his wife's share. 22 Mar 1661- A group of men entered into an agreement of purchase of Westerly. Most of the men were residents of what now in Newport Co. R.I.though many are known to have been earlier in Plymouth and Mass. Colonies.Among the purchasers was John Macoone. 26 June 1680 - at Westerly he was ordered to remove a fence that he had placed on town lands. There is a lot more information on John MacCoone listed in these pages in my files.

Source 14

From A SHORT HISTORY OF THE COON FAMILY OF AMERICA - M.H.MIRES M.D. The materials in the article merely verifies some of above information.

Source 15

From Charles W. Farnham John MacCoone living to Westerly 18 May 1669 He took the Oath of Allegiance 17 Sept 1679 He was living on the south side of the river in Cambridge, Mass in tax records of Aug. 1688 The record of his children by two or three wives is correct as far as it goes ?? In the History of Cambridge Pg 701 there is a reference to Sarah, Widow of Richard Wood, selling her hustand's real estete to John Macoone on 17 Jan 1669. Farbham suspects that Sarah, second wife of John was the daughter of Richard and Sarah but her birth certificate was not found.

Source 16

From GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY OF RHODE ISLAND by John O. Austin Westerly, R.I. By one account he came from Aberdeenshire, Scotland. 1669-18 May His name was in a list of inhabitants. 1679- 17 Feb. He took oath of allegiance 1681- Juryman. After Reference

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